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Wayne Santoro

Assistant Professor

Photo: Wayne  Santoro
SSCI 1106

Curriculum vitae


Ph.D. The Ohio State University (1999)

Research Interests

Race and Ethnicity , Social Movements , Political Sociology

Research Statement:

My research interest lies in understanding social movement processes among racial/ethnic minority populations in the U.S., including Mexican Americans, African Americans, and Arab Americans.  One line of work examines the conditions under which governments become responsive to social movements.  What role, for instance, did Latinos play in preventing states from adopting English-only laws?  Why did the federal government adopt voting rights and equal employment laws?  A second line of work seeks to understand why individuals participate in movement events.  How does generation or social ties to whites, for instance, affect the likelihood of Mexican American participation in protest events?   How did experiences with post-9/11 repression, or fear of such repression, impact protest participation among Arab Americans?  A third line of research applies social movement scholarship and theorizing to help understand how city political contexts affect the fate of immigrant and black neighborhoods.  A last line of research investigates processes occurring during the decline of the civil rights movement, including rioting and its gendered nature, tactical preferences for moderation or militancy, and black assessment of movement success.  Future work will turn to understanding the emergence, heyday, and decline of the Chicano movement as well as test core propositions of segmented assimilation theory as it applies to Puerto Rican political-engagement.   

Recent/Select Publications:

Santoro, Wayne A., and Max Fitzpatrick.  Forthcoming.  “’The Ballot or the Bullet’:  The Crisis of Victory and the Institutionalization and Racialization of the Civil Rights Movement.”  Mobilization 20(2) (June 2015 issue)

Santoro, Wayne A. Forthcoming.  “Was the Civil Rights Movement Successful?  Tracking and Understanding Black Views.”  Sociological Forum 30(S1) (June 2015 issue)

Santoro, Wayne A., and Marian A. Azab.  Forthcoming.  “Arab American Protest in the Terror Decade:  Macro and Micro Level Response to Post-9/11 Repression.”  Social Problems 62(2) (May 2015 issue)

Vélez, María B., Christopher J. Lyons, and Wayne WayneSantoro.  2015.  “The Political Context of the Percent Black-Neighborhood Violence Link:  A Multilevel Analysis.”  Social Problems 62(1):93-119

Santoro, Wayne A., and Lisa Broidy.  2014.  “Gendered Rioting:  A General Strain Theoretical Approach.”  Social Forces 93(1):329-354

2013. “Neighborhood Immigration, Violence, and City-Level Immigrant Political Opportunities.” American Sociological Review 78(4): 604-632. With Christopher J. Lyons and María B. Vélez.

2012. “Mexican American Protest, Ethnic Resiliency, and Social Capital:  The Mobilization Benefits of Cross-Cutting Ties.” Social Forces 91(1):209-231. With María B. Vélez and Stacy Keogh.

2011. “Generational Status and Mexican American Political-Participation: The Benefits and Limitations of Assimilation.” Political Research Quarterly 64:172-184. With Gary M. Segura.

2008. “The Civil Rights Movement and the Right to Vote:  Black Protest, Segregationist Violence, and the Audience.” Social Forces 86:1391‑1414.


  • SOC 331 Social Movements
  • SOC 380 Research Methods
  • SOC 420 Race and Inequality
  • SOC 520 Social Movements  (graduate course)